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The basics of feeding dogs and cats

Basics of feeding dogs and cats. Owners often give their pets leftovers from the table and various other poultry bones, and the like, resulting in various disease states. The question is how to prevent this and make your dog/cat life better and healthier….


If cooked foods of different origins are used in the meal, the nutritional value of the ingredients used (in order to balance the meal with respect to all nutrients and biologically active substances) and the physiological needs of the animals should be known. As owners are often unfamiliar with the above, it is a good idea to use commercial cat and dog food as it is practical, tasty and of a balanced composition, especially if it comes from a reputable and controlled food manufacturer.

Most people allow a dog and cat to “enter” each other’s bowls, but this is wrong. Veterinarians often warn that dog food should not be fed to cats, that is, cat food should not be given to dogs. The reason lies in the physiological differences between the cat and dog organisms. To give you an idea of how different these two types of animals really are, here are 13 basic facts:

  1. According to feeding, dogs and cats are carnivores, although dogs and their relatives are different from the cat and its relatives. Cats and her relatives are real carnivores who eat exclusively meat, while dogs are carnivores who eat meat and other body parts
  2. In life with humans, dogs and cats have adapted to human food, though cats have almost completely retained their hunting instincts. Because of this, cats are dependent on animal foods and their protein needs are high.
  3. The cat is the largest carnivore among domestic animals, and because of its distinctive tooth, anatomical and physiological characteristics of the digestive system and preference, it prefers meat, offal, and fish.
  4. Dogs can survive without carbohydrates if they have enough fat and protein in their food to extract the necessary sugar (glucose).
  5. If you suddenly give a large amount of sucrose or lactose (a large bowl of milk) to an adult or even a younger dog, diarrhea may be caused, partly by osmotic cleansing of the intestine and partly by bacterial fermentation of the carbohydrates in the large intestine.
  6. Arginine is the amino acid from which cats make ornithine, which binds ammonia produced by protein breakdown. Within 2-5 hours after consuming only one meal without arginine, toxic amounts of ammonia in the cat’s blood may occur, leading to hyperammonemia.
  7. Arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid that dogs, but not cats, can synthesize in their body. Arachidonic acid is important in the process of an inflammatory response, but also in the function of the digestive and reproductive systems, for proper blood clotting, and also helps regulate skin growth. It is only present in animal fats.
  8. Cats lack the enzyme dioxygenase that converts β-carotene to the active form of vitamin A (retinol), which is found only in animal feed, and they do not have the ability to convert the amino acid tryptophan to niacin.
  9. Cats needs proportionally more protein in their diet than other mammals. Certain liver enzymes that break down proteins are always functional (in other animals, they “burn and shut down”), so cats use a little more energy from proteins to maintain the process.
  10. In terms of the supply of minerals and vitamins, both dogs and cats are dependent on essential micro and macronutrients and all lipo and hydrosoluble vitamins. The deficiency or surplus of these biologically active substances leads to a number of health disorders.

In addition to the basic facts, we will point out that cats also have a slightly lower proportion of the digestive system in total body weight compared to dogs. Also, they have a much better sense of smell than a human but are weaker than a dog. The taste sensation is limited in cats and slightly better in dogs, while in humans it is very subtle.

Cats spend very little time chewing, almost never chewing. The pet cat is often fed by the owner with a variety of foods that it cannot digest, so there is a deficiency of certain biologically active substances leading to a range of health disorders!

Pet Nutrition Calorie Calculator


Veterinarians decide how many calories your pet needs by looking at their current weight, their body condition (are they over or under-weight or just right?), and what they’re currently eating.

Their helpful link for pet owners can be found here:




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