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How to understand your cat better

Recently, cats have become the most common pets in the world and have given priority to dogs. The reason for this is believed to be people’s belief that keeping cats as pets is easier. Therefore, it is important to keep in mind the specific needs that cats have as a species, recognize them through their behavior, and thus contribute to a quality cat-owner relationship.

Domestic cats (Felis catus) are social animals. In places where there is enough food, such as a farm, dump, or human home, they will live in the community. Usually, female relatives, a mother with daughters or sisters live together. In such family communities, the females help one another in raising the young, breastfeeding the young from one another and even assisting in childbirth. Males can live with females, or wander independently from one female family to another. Those who stay with the females are not aggressive towards the pups and can play with them. Cat families find it difficult to accept new members.

How to understand your cat better

The behaviors of the cats

The behaviors that cats show their sociability include greeting by touching their noses, sleeping together (both when it is hot and when there are vacancies), playing together, groping and cleaning, and when they are “lined up” side by side. These same behaviors are used by cats when socializing with humans.

Cats are often voted in one of three basic ways: spinning, fracking, and meowing. There are different types of meowing. Interestingly, research has shown that humans are less able to understand why cats are meowing than why dogs bark. People who have more experience with cats understand them better.

For cat communication, the tail is important. The position and movements of the cat’s tail show their mood and intentions. It is known that when one cat approaches another with its tail raised, it shows its friendly intentions.

Kittens grow up in a family and learn the rules of cat behavior. The socialization period for kittens is from the second or third week of age to the twelfth week of age, but an important part of the character of each cat is shaped until the fourth month of age. It is especially important for kittens to have positive experiences with humans during the socialization period. As a general rule, kittens need many short periods of contact with people so that they do not get bored, preferably with different people. In this way, problems with the behavior of pet cats can be prevented.

Cats love to hunt

Domestic cats hunt small prey (mice, rats, birds) that can hunt alone without the help of other members of the community. Because they hunt alone, cats cannot wait to be very hungry and faint when they start hunting, so it follows the custom to hunt when they are not hungry. The fact that cats that are pets and are well-fed continue to hunt is explained by this evolutionary adaptation. Namely, cats are pets for a very short period of time compared to a much longer period when they were either wild or used as “rodent controllers” in human settlements.

Cats love to hunt

In order to reduce the success of cat hunting for pet cats, it is advisable to keep them at home at dawn and dusk. It is not recommended to put bells around the neck of cats as ringing can be a source of stress for cats.

Mother cats teach kittens to hunt. First, they bring them dead spoils, then they are stunned and finally alive. In doing so, kittens gradually learn what is prey and what is edible, and then how to capture and kill prey. However, some research suggests that kittens not taught by their mother to hunt can catch and catch prey, though they also go through a period of learning through trial and error.

Cats are territorial animals

Cats are territorial animals, which means that each has its own territory to control and to hunt. Generally, the territories of females are smaller than those of males and may overlap. The cat is marking the territory by spraying certain areas with urine, standing upright, and gently twitching its tail while squirting the vertical surface. The place where cats have their nails brushed contains two messages for other cats, which are scratches and scent from the paws of a scratching cat. At the same time, cats brush their nails to keep their nails sharp and to stretch and train their muscles.

Cats are territorial animals

The behavioral problems that owners often complain about are cats’ aggressive behavior toward people or other cats, urinating outside of their intended location, grinding nails on furniture, and being scared. All these behavioral problems can be avoided by proper socialization and careful arrangement of cat toilets and nail grinding sites. Cats also need to be given ample opportunity to play. Training with treats can be a form of play between the cat and the owner.


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